As a parent of a teen and tween, it was quite disconcerting when their staying up late and sleeping late started to become the norm in our household.
When I was young we weren’t allowed to lie in our bed past 8am and going to bed never went past 11pm. It was just how it was and no one was allowed to complain.
Now there’s all this talk about whether teenagers really need more sleep. There’s even proposals to change school hours so teens don’t have to get up too early. Sound like we’re spoiling the current generation? Maybe. Maybe not.
Find out if it’s a fact or myth that teens need more sleep.
Shut eye is important
It is no surprise that research recommends about eight to nine hours of sleep for optimal performance. It is also no surprise that few are able to achieve this.
Yet, what may actually raise an eyebrow is how especially important these hours of sleep are for teenagers and possibly even tweens.
Needing more sleep has been attributed to the hormonal changes of adolescents and how it affects their circadian rhythm. The circadian rhythm is our internal, biological clock.
However, for teens, this rhythm is affected in an unusual way.
It was reported by researchers at Stanford University who studied teen sleep that,
“…after 12 hours of being awake, the subjects [teens] were less sleepy than they had been earlier in the same day, and at the 10 o’clock test, after more than 14 hours of wakefulness had elapsed…they were even less sleepy.”
Dr. Judith Owens, lead researcher of an American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) sleep study comments,
“Sleep is not optional. It’s a health imperative, like eating, breathing and physical activity.”
Changing your outlook
Science can often put things into perspective. All it takes is some strict, double-blind studies and clinical trials as well as a variety of other painstaking research to get the facts.
In the case of teens needing more sleep, the AAP reports several studies that support this theory. It cited that,
“A National Sleep Foundation (NSF) poll found 59 percent of 6th through 8th graders and 87 percent of high school students in the U.S. were getting less than the recommended 8.5 to 9.5 hours of sleep on school nights.”
This is mainly due to familial and school requirements as well as digital addiction. Most parents are unaware of how the teen brain is affected by their hormonal growth and therefore expect the same of them as prior generations.
Cut them some slack, with conditions
With more studies showing the validity of these askew teen sleep patterns, hopefully more parents will understand how to deal with it.
Rather than force your teen to go to sleep at a specific time, let them stay up. However, as if dealing with an insomniac, you may want to implement some rules.
To get them “over the hump” of this hormonal sleep challenge, try some of these tips:
- No electronics after 11pm, including phone, television, music or pc (these bright flickering screens will likely add to their inability to sleep).
- Encourage reading as this will calm the mind to hopefully get them to slumber.
- Use essential oils, such as lavender, to spray on their pillow. This oil has been used for centuries to calm the central nervous system.
- Let them sleep late when they can. This will re-charge their highly depleted “batteries” and just may make them act a little nicer toward you.
Keeping an eye on your teen is one thing but parents have so much to think about they may not realize the dangers of teen lack of sleep.
This is a safety issue that’s getting more attention each year as lack of sleep can affect a teen’s health and decision making.
Some dangers of inadequate sleep amongst teens includes:
- Sleep-deprived driving (equivalent to driving drunk)
- Inability to learn, solve problems and listen
- Aggressive mood swinging behavior
- Weight gain
- Increased use of caffeine
- Repeated illnesses
So it turns out that teens do really need more sleep and we are not spoiling them by proposing school time changes or letting them slumber into the late morning or early afternoon.
The next time your teen won’t listen to your bedtime routine, implement some healthy adjustments and embrace this short transitional change.
About the author
Amy Williams is a freelance writer based in Southern California. As a mother of two, helping parents understand their teens is something she is very passionate about.
Photo by Tobyotter