A question of principles?
Let me ask you a question; your drunk friend insists they are okay to drive, and start stumbling towards their parked car. Do you:
- a) Trust their judgement and allow your friend to drive home
- b) Feel uncomfortable, but say nothing
- c) Call them a taxi and tell your friend that they are too drunk to drive
We all know that the correct answer should be c), because there have been endless campaigns highlight the effects of alcohol and the dangers of driving whilst under the influence.
Now here’s another question; you and a friend pull an all-nighter, and are making plans to get to work the next morning. Your friends offers you a lift in their car. Do you:
- a) Accept the lift gratefully; you know you’ll return the favour
- b) Politely decline and drive yourself to work as normal
- c) Call a taxi/take public transport and advise your friend to do the same
Not many people would pick the right answer in this instance. But you might have guessed from the direction of this blog, that c) is again the right answer. Why? Because just 24 hours of sleeplessness results in a mental impairment equivalent to being too drunk to drive a car. Yes, really.
It will catch up with you in the end
We’ve all pulled an all-nighter at some point; we’ve all experienced the symptoms – tiredness, grumpiness, confusion and delayed reactions. Lack of sleep kills productivity, yet people still don’t comprehend just how bad sleep deprivation is.
Let’s consider what would happen if we stopped sleeping completely. This interactive timeline describes the day-by-day effects of total sleep deprivation, including the longest official record of no sleep (18 days!):
- Did you know that after 5 days of no sleep you’ll start experiencing delusional episodes and hallucinations?
- Did you realise that sleep-deprived rats start to die after 11 days?
Perhaps the majority of us have never truly been without sleep for longer than a couple of days, but statistics show that the amount of people suffering with sleep disorders is on the rise, with the University of Hertfordshire blaming smartphones and technology for disrupting our sleep.
A deadly problem
Lack of sleep and sleep deprivation has been implicated in several disasters of recent times – proving just how important sleep is, and how dangerous the effects can be:
- In 2009, an Air France plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 228 people. It later emerged that the pilot Marc Dubois had only one hour of sleep prior to the flight, and was recorded saying “I didn’t sleep enough last night”. When the plane went through a tropical storm, Captain Dubois and co-pilots ignored normal procedures and raised, rather than lowered, the plane’s nose when it ‘stalled’.
- The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that fatigue is the cause of 100,000 car accidents and 1,550 crash-related deaths per year in the US.
- The Challenger space shuttle exploded after its launch in 1986, killing all seven crew members on board. A later report investigating the disaster published in 1988, stated that sleep deprivation was partly to blame: “The willingness of NASA employees in general to work excessive hours, while admirable, raises serious questions when it jeopardizes job performance, particularly when critical management decisions are at stake.”
Despite these incidents and numerous others, the effects of sleeplessness are still less reported than those of alcohol and drugs, which can be found almost every day throughout the various news media.
Yet sleep deprivation, and the other 80 or so recognised sleep disorders, remain a growing problem and threaten our mental and physical health, and apparently the health of others through our actions.
Will you now reconsider driving after a night of no sleep?
Louise Dickens graduated in Broadcast Journalism in 2013 and has since been writing and blogging about a variety of topics, including sleep for HotelContractBeds. Louise was part of the HotelContractBeds team that worked on the Sleep Deprivation Timeline highlighted in this post.